- Population: 2.2 million
- Area: Six times the size of New York State
- Climate: Arid; only the north receives enough rainfall to support agriculture
- 7th most unequal country in the world; 66.4% of Namibia’s wealth goes to the top 20% and 3.3% go to the bottom 20%.
Our Focus: Northeastern Namibia
- The highest incidences of poverty in Namibia are found in Kavango and Zambezi Regions, both located in the northeastern corner of the country, where 43% and 42% of people live below the national poverty line, respectively.
- Median daily expenditure is extremely low (USD $0.34 ‑ $1.04), a value below all but the world’s 6 poorest countries.
- Rural livelihoods: rain-fed maize production, small-scale vegetable production, raising cattle, fishing, harvesting indigenous plants, informal retail and tourism.
- Low maize yields due to mono-cropping without adequate soil nutrient replenishment, poor soils and recurrent droughts and floods.
- Kavango Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area: Zambezi Region is part of the world’s largest conservation area (a connected network of national parks and wildlife/game management areas spanning 5 countries where wildlife move freely) with the largest population of elephants in Africa.
Sources: Namibia Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2009/2010 by Namibia Statistics Agency,
Zambezi Regional Economic Strategy Report 2015